In the very strange, painted-metal arch CSO tunnel

Wall of Anguish
Strange sidepipe in an unremarkable creek culvert leads to enormous wall and storage tanks

The City of Hamilton has pursued a long, slow campaign of heavy infrastructure construction to reduce outflows of combined sewage into Hamilton Harbour and Cootes Paradise. The Main-King CSO tanks were installed in the late-1990s to store overflows from combined sewers in Kirkendall and Westdale and reduce their impacts on Cootes Paradise. Together, the two tank cells have a capacity of 75,000 m3.

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Michael Cook is available to speak to your organization about infrastructure history, lost creeks, current conditions, and opportunities for change in our management of and communication about urban watersheds, and to work with teams proposing or implementing such change. Get in touch.